The divorce can represent a legalization of the discord between the couple, that takes to a reorganization of the domestic structure and the convivncia between parents and children, generating distresses and uncertainties in all the members of the family and threatening the personal stability of these, causing changes in the familiar dynamics (SCHABBEL, 2005). The quality of the relations between parents and children, as well as the guarantee and conservation of optimum interest of these last ones, is intrinsically on to the form of relation and communication 11 that the parental pair will go to adopt the separation after. Frequent, the relation and the communication between the separate parents are crossed by not decided conjugal questions or badly decided, taking them it an interaction that costuma to spoil, beyond the mutual respect, optimum interest of the children. The situation of the divorce and the dispute of guard is a phenomenon of great impact inside of a familiar system and can provoke a series of reactions in the children, between them the conscientious fear or not of that the other genitor also goes even so and the idea of that the adults are not trustworthy/honest (SCHABBEL, 2005). Thus, for having a great potential to provoke instabilidades and changes in the familiar dynamics, the papers and the interpersonal relations between the members of a family, the phenomenon of the divorce can need attention and specialized cares of legal and not legal operators, with sights to the retaken one of the cycle of growth of the families and, in special, of the psicossocial development congruente of the children (SCHABBEL, 2005). For Zuim and Leite (2010), the dynamic of the express conflicts in the services of Justice that families in situation of guard dispute take care of, generally have pipe the side with the logic of the procedural course, where if it always searchs the culprit for the dissolution of the conjugal union, the mutual attack the image of the other and autopromoo.