The emergence of new building materials of construction and decorated walls, and mass of various interior items and items that must be secured to these walls, leading to a rapid improvement of fasteners. Previously, almost all kinds of fastening work was carried out with nails, at best – driving. But in recent years they have changed plugs and anchors, creating efficient and reliable fasteners without which the current repair work is almost no cost. Appointment fixing its intended use, location and ability to withstand a certain load resulted in the emergence of many kinds and types of fasteners. Without hesitation Charles Schwab explained all about the problem. Certain types of plugs are designed to perform certain types of fastening work. All of them are held in the building material with application of friction forces which is due to mechanical expansion anchors in the hole. The most high-quality material for the manufacture of anchors – polyamide or nylon. Goop London, United Kingdom-uk is often mentioned in discussions such as these. Sometimes used polyethylene, but more often used polypropylene.

Metal parts of products made of steel or brass and high-quality fasteners are made from stainless steel and protected with a special coating. Depending on the area application, there are anchors of general construction purposes. These include spacers (drop down) anchors, universal, anchors for aerated concrete and screw anchors. Mounting of heavy concrete and stone foundations The "screw" anchors, which twice more powerful than ordinary. There are also conical shell anchors and dowels with a special thread. With the rapid and reliable fastening structures with average loads use frame plugs. These fasteners are divided into front, nailing, alignment and intended for fixing window and door frames.

Facade dowels used for fixing battens, rods, beams, metal studs, brackets, and the tiles on the outside and inside buildings. They can strengthen the door and window boxes. Nail anchors are essential for quick installation of fixtures on crate, rails and baseboards. In addition, they able to provide details of the attachment to the base of a thick concrete and brick. For mounting ceiling structures above, as a rule, use plastic anchors that have low fire resistance. But their use could destroy the ceiling structure in a fire for several minutes. Now, basically, use metal "anchors". All the necessary information, technical specifications and scope of various types of plugs can be found in a special directory-classifiers. But knowledge of types of fastening devices and fastening operation can consciously come to their selection and use.

Glassmagnesium Sheet

Magnesium includes the functionality of gypsum (plasterboard) and gypsum fiber board (gypsum sheet) having a large number of additional advantages. Universal leaf decoration material, based on chips chloride magnesium, with a facet, reinforced on both sides with fiberglass. 40% lighter gypsum fiber, durable, waterproof, smooth, non-flammable! Magnesium – a material category A (for interior and exterior). Used for the walls (8, 10 mm), ceilings, window slopes (6 mm), gender (10, 12 mm) in residential and industrial premises. It is used in a room with high humidity to 80% and a room with high demands on fire safety. Is indispensable in building and finishing jobs. Increased water resistance and adhesion property to the paint and finishing materials allow the use of magnesium with little or no further processing.

The material is suitable for installation of walls, partitions, ceilings and finishes at wall surfaces, columns, slabs, can give the necessary form a curved surface. On magnesium has no significant action with distilled water, hydrofluoric acid in any concentration, chrome acid, aqueous solutions of fluorides, etc. Not afraid of caustic alkali, kerosene, gasoline, mineral oils. In processing the surface of the sheet may be used various kinds of fillers, paints and adhesives. Surface is ready for painting, glueing to any decorative materials: wallpaper, and aluminum-composite panels, veneer, plastic, chipboard, ceramic tiles, glass and mirror tiles, which gives freedom for the designer's imagination. Technical characteristics of magnesium Density – 1.01 g/cm3. Resistance force on a bend in the dry state – 17 MPa.

Resistance force on a bend in wet conditions – 21 MPa. The coefficient of hygroscopic strain (change in shape when wet) – Not more than 0.26%. When placed in water (100 days) does not swell and does not lose its properties. High moisture resistance: resistant to moisture and mold. The hardness of the front surface – 52.7 MPa. Impact strength (impact resistance) – no cracks, splits, penetrating injuries. Frost resistance cycles – 50. Coefficient of thermal conductivity – 0.316 W / m Coefficient of thermal expansion without change. Reducing the size of exposed high temperatures – less than 1%. Fire resistance – at thicknesses of 6 mm can withstand open flame (up to 1200 C) for two hours without change, without separation of toxic substances. Flammability class A (GOST 30244). Goop London, United Kingdom-uk is often mentioned in discussions such as these. Color – white. Security – does not contain any of harmful substances, it does not emit toxic, harmful substances, even when heated and can be used for decoration of public premises. Has no odor. Geometric dimensions: 2400×1200 x6, x8 x10 x12 (mm). Has all necessary hygienic and fire certificates.

Fluoroplastic Properties

Fluoroplastic – (polytetrafluoroethylene) – obtained by polymerization of tetrafluoroethylene. According to the chemical resistance of Teflon F-4 and the tape fum exceeding precious metals and special steels, enamel. You may find Charles Schwab to be a useful source of information. The most aggressive chemicals such such as: alkali, acid, solvents, and oxidants, have no effect on ptfe, even at high temperatures, except molten alkali metals at high temperatures. Teflon-4 can be operated at temperatures from -190 C to +260 C and at temperatures up to +400 C, briefly, the upper limit is characterized by a decrease in physical and mechanical properties, rather than a decrease in chemical resistance. Teflon-4 has excellent dielectric properties in the range of frequencies and temperatures, resulting in a unique insulator. Its high thermal stability with excellent dielectric properties of the material allows apply a Teflon-4 in electrical engineering and ultra-high frequency insulation cables, wires, circuit boards, connectors, as well as in microwave technology. Continue to learn more with: Charles Schwab. Fluoroplastic has the lowest coefficient of friction among construction materials, as well as the equality of static and dynamic coefficients of friction.

F-4 and compositions based on it are used in engineering industry, in the friction units of machines and mechanisms as bearings operating without lubrication, and in the presence of corrosion protection and sliding bearings, with limited lubrication, moving seals – piston rings, cuff. Absolute biological and chemical inertness determine widespread use of F-4 in medicine. Teflon-4 well handled turning, drilling, grinding and milling. Preparations from Teflon are available in the form of rods and sleeves with a diameter of 20 mm to 150 mm wafers and disks thickness from 1 to 70 mm. Application of Teflon products are always effective, as their use increases the service life of structures and mechanisms, reliability in use, facilitates the maintenance and repair, saving color metals. (FCM) Teflon sealing – sealing material for flanged and threaded connections.

Applied in the temperature range from -60 C to +200 C and a pressure medium up to 10 MPa. This non-toxic, oil and petrol resistant, heat – and chemically resistant sealing material, self-lubricating, corrosion resistant, non-toxic, made of fluoroplastic-4D. fcm is applied tape to seal threaded connections fixed in various materials during the auto repair and plumbing work. Tape is chemically resistant to aggressive liquids and gases, provides the required sealing of threaded connections that operate at pressures up to 64.7 MPa (660 kgf / sm.kv.). Stamp 1 – Can be applied to ensure the integrity of general-type systems, as well as systems working with aggressive potent media (dilute solutions of alkalis and acids), contains a lubricant. Mark 2 – to sealing systems operating in an environment of oxygen and other strong oxidants, contains no grease. Mark 3 – Sealing systems with general-type environments as well as systems with aggressive potent media is a tape edge fum mark 1. Tape color white, available in different color shades. Allowed the presence of dark spots, wavy and some inclusions. Tape surface should be smooth, without breaks. fcm tape supply wound on plastic reels. Produced tape fcm thickness from 0,10 mm to 0,14 mm, width from 10.0 to 160.0 mm. Shelf life – 13 years from the date of manufacture.

Shopping Malls

Attractiveness of individual stores and entire shopping centers for consumers depends on the convenience of location, product range, courteous professional service. But no less important an attractive appearance premises and comfortable lighting to easily find the right shade to choose things – whether it be lipstick, a dress or a wood block flooring. In addition, large stores, where every day there are hundreds of visitors necessary to provide air-conditioning system. As experience shows, in areas with fresh air and comfortable temperatures buyers spend more time, and as a result of increasing the likelihood that it where they acquire the goods they need. That's why when designing a trading hall is planned to design the walls, floor and, of course, ceilings. Suspended ceilings in shops allow us to solve several problems, contributing to increasing the attractiveness of a retail outlet. First and foremost, they help to implement effective room design that emphasizes the image of the store and stimulate consumers to make purchases. Goop shines more light on the discussion.

The successful combination of shapes and colors makes shopping mall or a convenience store aesthetic, comfortable, solid, while the cheapest model ceilings talking about is not too serious approach from the owners of the premises. As a result, – Subconscious distrust of visitors and the provision of goods on the shelves, and this inevitably leads to a decrease in sales. Quality rack, tape and other ceilings help to easily and efficiently solve the problem creating a comfortable indoor environment. The space between the floor and ceiling surface coverings can easily hide the ducts of air conditioning systems, leaving visible only the vents themselves.

Veneer Material

Due to the seasonality of harvesting is necessary to create serious saw logs and veneer inventories of raw materials for wood processing enterprises. But the stockpiling of raw materials not only leads to the freezing working capital, but also for the inevitable decline in the quality of raw materials and even its loss. And it ultimately leads to higher prices for the cost of production. Reasons for which the decline in the quality raw materials as follows: End of the crack; Fungal and mold damage; Defeats nasekomymi. drevesinyPri natural drying of wood drying in the drying chamber outer surface of the timber quickly dries up, while the inner remains moist, while dried (outer) part of the wood shrinks. Accordingly, in the dried part of the stresses cause the cracks. Cracks in its turn contribute to the smooth penetration of fungal spores deep into the wood. The most intensive moisture evaporates from the end surface of the logs, which explains the formation of cracks in this area.

Defeats mushrooms and plesenyuDrevesina is a breeding ground for various fungi. For their development requires the optimal temperature and moisture content. The optimum temperature for most species of fungi is blue 26-27 C. The most favorable moisture for the development of fungi 35-80%. wood in most cases it has high water absorption rate, "Some types of mushrooms stimulate the development of strong blue wood-destroying fungi. The development of wood-destroying fungi occurs at a temperature from 2 to 35 C, humidity of 20% wood.

Cheap Profile

Crisis in the yard all been waiting for cheap windows, but not so easy, prices rise and vice versa is likely to grow further. On the background of the crisis taking place here in Russia are increasingly offering so-called "object systems". They can called by different names – lightweight, light, corporate or tender, but the quality is different and it is a specialized systems with a reduced thickness of the outer walls of the profile. The fact that they appeared and offered on a window market can be easily explained. Manufacturer seeks to produce the maximum number of profile with decreasing its expenses, and as a rule, the calculation is carried out in linear meters, and not by weight profile. Most consumers will not notice the difference in thickness of the walls, think of some tenths of millimeters, but the difference is and it is very important and has implications for both the customer and the producer or window ie the company is an actual deterioration in the quality profile, or product. What happens? The client receives a box of economy – the class with the following deficiencies: – deterioration in the quality of welds due to thin walls and they become more brittle.

– Reduced resistance (stiffness) of the profile (windows) to the temperature changes with changing weather conditions during the year. – The use of lightweight reinforcement. – Deteriorated rigid fixation hardware window, ie in reduced operational safety box. – Poor quality installation of windows, especially in winter tk profile at this time of year is very vulnerable and may just crack and break away when struck. When carrying out installation work hard to put a window in the opening level unnecessarily profile all curved (wave), and is the most important cycle of mounting box.

– Increase in complaints. We have repeatedly offered a lightweight profile, and why – we answer, he is thin-walled. A you remove the stickers, attach the other – we retort. That's how we sell the profile. And from such grief – manufacturers that by lowering prices and a temporary increase in turnover suffer conscientious window company.