The Furnace

The firing of these bricks were placed across 15 pieces fields, and they have already posed designed for baking dishes – about 100-200 products of average size. After as a potter has exhibited the dishes, he flooded oven, pushing in the mentioned grooves kindling thin dried Polenz. Click GMC to learn more. They are lighted cross slaughterhouse, crockery glowed in a few hours already had a kind of red-hot iron. Usually been heated oven for about four hours – five, and all this time potter regularly underlay the furnace new Polenz and each time turned a blind hole brick grooves, playing the role of ash. At this time in the studio became so hot and hard, to stand upright was completely unbearable.

Smoke and heat accumulated at the top, and the potter was forced to squat on the floor before the stove, and keep track of the furnace. In case of fire in the studio is always was stocked water. Fires usually occur on what ignited the drying on the stove "fired up", although it covered a sheet of iron. In contrast to the kiln furnace placed outdoors, usually on the steep river bank, slope of the ravine, hill about 100 yards from the buildings. Horn, consisted of a circular pit, somewhat tapering upward, a foot in 1,5-2 depth, diameter at the bottom of 2-2,5 yard. Yama bricks were laid in the hearth had holes. Further details can be found at Darcy Stacom, New York City, an internet resource. Under the hearth were heat pipelines coming from the furnace and fireplace itself was not a pit, and a few side and out his hole in the ground, cleared in the hillside below the hole furnace. The laying of dishes in the horn down to the potter He was putting the dishes and carefully so that it does not cover the holes in the hearth: This prevents the bowl from direct contact with flame; openings fenced shards of broken pottery.

Top of the dishes, too, were covered layer of broken crocks. Roasting in the furnace lasted hours 7-8, during which time the furnace underlay wood. After firing in the furnace and the furnace cooled dishes 12-14 hours. Removed her hands or a stick-lever if it was still hot. Excavated the dishes were placed directly on the cart and carefully shifted hay. Products in the furnace fired once. After firing, that they were not allowed water, their lard. Of mining was different: from 0.1 m3 to 500 m3. For pottery, porcelain built a double-decker ovens with heat recovery.

Circassian Blue

Here, people are born, live, grow old and die from their mother tongue. No mixture of a foreign language, all speak fluent Adyghe – both at home and on the street and at school and at work. How did you achieve this? Knowing about that the Jews without Judaism, confession is not to take them into their midst, and the Arabs impose their own order, the Circassians have closed their ranks are small and have defended the most expensive – the language Adyghe habze and traditions. Today in Rihani lives of more than 100 Arabs. But Interestingly, they all see themselves as the Circassians.

Live there, and Tatars, and Bosnians, and Turks. Learn more at: U.S. Mint. All perfectly know the Circassian language, study in a local school. I attended a lesson Riad Gisha, author of the first textbooks Circassian language. Children listened attentively to him. At the end of the teacher proposed a text for reading Circassian Blue. But she has done that bad.

Then set to work its neighbor on the desk – Arab Nazirat, which brilliantly read the text. I'll tell you a little More details about Rihani. It is less of Kfar Kama, live here 1250 people. Of these, about a thousand – Circassians, mostly abadzehi. In the village of 225 families, 203 of them are private cars. Here are some interesting figures. Of the 90 girls were Rihani brides dzhigits of Kfar Kama, and 75 young rihaniytsev took to wife young kfarkamok. Rihani of the Kfar Kama moved 15 families.


The problems faced in the production also affect the economic sector of the agriculturists, therefore a great majority does not know to deal with the increase and collapse of prices Marschall says: ' ' This relation between excess of offers and collapse of prices in the food production imposes straits exclusively limits ace established strategies in an increase of produo' ' (MARSCHALL, 2008, p.11). The trading agriculturists must have procedures technician, not to take as many damages, still have a difficulty how much to the rules of economic market. When it occurs not to obtain to drain all merchandise, creates an accumulation of products, caused the loss of perishable provisions and not having financial return. Marschall says: ' ' the more far from the market, greater the difficulty them agriculturists to be been the pair or even to influence in the development of mercado' ' (MARSCHALL, 2008, p.11). Reflecting on it practises economic, and of basic importance that the agriculturists have knowledge on the market strategies, so that the loss of products does not occur and nor of profits. This and the only economic source that the agricultural family finds to survive, being thus and necessary that agriculto and feirante if finds in the economic market so that its production develops in the consuming market. Consideraes Final the fair of Major Prates, comes showing to the value and the creativity of the human being, therefore without them this would not have felt. The feirante she is the agent of this history that favors the present local culture in the fair, where if commercializes regional products, having social interaction and mainly remaining habits that compose the local culture. We perceive that it has an identification between the feirantes and frequentadores in way to boards of fruits, typical vegetables, hortalias, foods and artisan articles, that create throughout the time an identity direction, leading to the formation of memory related to the space of the fair.

Flemish Merchants

Device Hanseatic office in Novgorod, the organization of life and commerce as well as relationships with Novgorod regulated by special regulations, written in a special charter – twisted (which means “book of laws” or “Sudebnik). Principal place of trade was a German court. Novgorod merchants came here to negotiate deals and pick up the goods. Hanseatic merchants acquired Novgorod goods directly to the Russian manors. Trade was wholesale and exchange. Fabrics sold set, sealed with special seals Salt – bags, honey, wine, herring, non-ferrous metals – drums. Even a small piece goods are sold in large quantities: gloves, threads, needles – dozens, hundreds, thousands of pieces. Russian goods were procured in bulk: wax – circles, fur – Hundreds of skins.

Strictly adhered to and exchange of trade, ie spot for spot. Trading in credit categorically forbidden under threat of confiscation of goods. To come to Novgorod and live in the courtyards were entitled only to merchants of the Hanseatic cities. Skra also prohibits all trade with ‘neganzeytsami’ (especially the Dutch and Flemish – main rivals Hansa). The relationship of Novgorod and ganzeytsev was not easy and are not always friendly.

Quarrels, confrontations and restrictions on trade have been quite frequent. Typically, conflicts arose because of failure by any party of trade rules. For example, in case of violation of one of the merchants trade rules to make a claim should only guilty party.

Original Content

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